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In September with National Geographic History, set off on a new journey through the centuries. Explore Babylon, the mythical city. Explore the mysteries of cathedrals in the middle ages... Medieval towns were built around large Catholic shrines. Built according to complex symbolism, cathedrals were places of worship, places of justice and even centers of entertainment.
In the Middle Ages, there could be no city without a cathedral: the term civitas was in fact reserved for an agglomeration which was the seat of a bishopric and the cathedral was the bishop's church. The age of the cathedrals is one of the greatest architectural and spiritual adventures of the West. All the cathedrals are not immense and Gothic buildings, but all the immense Gothic cathedrals have been, since the 12th century, the expression of the meeting of arts, techniques, social relations, faith and power. A sublime summary of a civilization.
Some of the largest and most prestigious Gothic churches were not cathedrals when they were built: this is the case with the Basilica of Saint-Denis. The cathedral is the church which houses the cathedra, that is to say the throne of a bishop. At the end of Antiquity, when the Roman Empire became Christian, each city became the seat of a bishopric. Throughout the Middle Ages, new dioceses were created as evangelization progressed in northern, central and eastern Europe. In the 13th century; the West has nearly a thousand dioceses for as many cathedrals ....
Also included in this issue
- Egypt: Cleopatra, fine politician: the last queen of Egypt, who seduced two great Roman leaders, Julius Caesar and Antoine, had the same objective of preserving her power and the independence of her country.
- Greece: Aristotle, father of science.
- Rome: the legion, an elite in step.
- Modern era: the revolution of 1848.
Europe Cathedral. Histoire National Géographic, September 2013. On newsstands and by subscription.